Chhath puja Nepal 2021: On the third day of Chhath, the great festival of folk faith, Bartalu is preparing for the ‘Kharna’ method on Tuesday.
Bartalu, who completed ‘Arba-Arbain’ on the first day of Kattik Shukla Tritiya and ‘Nahay-Khay’ on the fourth day yesterday, is busy preparing for ‘Kharna’ on the fifth day today(Chhath puja).
This morning, after taking a bath and fasting all day, the khir cooked in Sakhkar at night is eaten by the Bartalu who climbs the Kooldevata and Chhathi Devi. This method is called ‘Kharna’. (Chhath puja Nepal)
After fasting all day on the day of ‘Kharna’ of Chhath festival, which is very important for reverence, loyalty, and self-purification, and after seeing the moon in the evening, cook the milk in a new earthen stove and earthen vessel. They eat. Today, Bartalu, who has been fasting all day, is performing this ritual by observing the moon after sunset.
On the fourth day of the festival, tomorrow, on the day of Kartik Shukla Shashthi, Bartalu, who is fasting for sun worship, will reach the reservoir and give the first aghrya to the setting sun. It is called ‘Sajuka Arakh’ or ‘Sajiyaghat’ in Mithila. Similarly, on the morning of the seventh day, it is customary for Bartalu to end the festival by giving a second aghrya to the rising sun. The aghraya given to the rising sun is called ‘Arakh of the morning’.
There is a tradition of offering sweets made at the Chhath festival, Thakuwa, Bhusuwa, and other sweets to the relatives at home and taking them to their relatives. Reverence and loyalty are taken care of in the festival. The confectionery, including thakuwa and bhusuwa, is made from the flour ground in a mortar and pestle. The work of constructing and cleaning the picturesque ghats on the banks of the sacred reservoir, which is celebrated during the festival, has been taken seriously.
Until a few years ago, only Hindus of Madhesi origin used to celebrate it, but now Hindus of mountain origin and followers of Islam have started celebrating it with pomp and circumstance. Chhath puja
The followers of Islam, who have taken vows of Chhath and asked Bartalu to show the offerings to the sun, are now seen in abundance.
The festival has become an integral part of Mithila folk culture as it involves all religions, cultures, classes, and sects, said Top Bahadur Thakuri, Principal (Campus Head) of Bardibas Janata Multipurpose Campus.