People are afraid of old age. As the body pushes towards old age, the organs of the body become weaker. So, How do we age?
As the body pushes towards old age, It also reduces energy and enthusiasm.
Many diseases start to spread. So people always want to be young.
But, old age is a physical process. Just as birth and death are certain, so is old age. Today’s child must go through tomorrow’s old age. Although some enter old age early, some even reach the age of 65-70 years. After all, what causes us to grow old so quickly? Experts say, “It is our hereditary traits and lifestyle that are responsible.”
Our DNA is a kind of genetic code that is transmitted between cells. As we age, the structure of the genetic code begins to deteriorate. Gradually it begins to accumulate in the fund.
This process is considered genetic instability and is especially relevant when DNA affects stem cells.
Hereditary instability can threaten the role of stem cells. If the instability increases, it can turn into cancer.
At the end of each DNA molecule is a cap-like structure that protects our chromosomes. It has the same structure as a plastic cap on the end of our shoelace.
These are called telomeres. As we age, this capricious structure begins to disintegrate and the protection of the chromosome decreases. This can cause problems.
According to the researchers, when the structure of telomeres is disturbed, the risk of many diseases increases. This increases the risk of lung problems and anemia. Both of these diseases are serious problems associated with the body’s immune system.
The behavior of the cells is affected
Our body has a special type of process called DNA expression. In which thousands of genes in a single cell decide what to do with that cell.
That cell may have to act as a skin cell or as a brain cell. But, time and lifestyle can change these directions. In this way, the cells can behave differently from the behavior they have set.
The renewal capacity of the funds is exhausted
Our cells have the ability to regenerate to prevent the accumulation of damaged components, but as we age, this ability gradually diminishes.
These cells accumulate waste or toxic proteins, which often lead to Alzheimer’s. Many times it also increases the risk of Parkinson’s and cataracts.
Cells lose control of their metabolism
As we age, cells lose their ability to absorb fat and sugar. This is why many people get diabetes as they get older.
This is especially true of people who develop diabetes in old age. As we age, our bodies cannot absorb all the nutrients they eat.
The mitochondria stop working
The mitochondria provide energy to the body, but as it ages, it begins to lose its capacity. As it weakens, it also has a negative effect on DNA.
According to a study published in the journal Nature last June, scientists have restored mitochondria and removed tea from mice.
Stem cells lose their ability
As we age, the reproductive capacity of the cells decreases. Stem cells start to get tired. Recent studies have shown that the rejuvenation of stem cells can prevent the physical symptoms of aging from coming to the fore.
The cells lose contact with each other
The cells are always in contact with each other, but as they get older, their interaction decreases. The body starts to swell due to a lack of contact between them.
As a result, it becomes active against pathogenic and malignant cells. According to Serrano, this is a process that cannot be stopped, but a healthy lifestyle can reduce its effects.