Mental Illness: Types of Phobia, Causes, and Treatments

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Phobia mental illness


Don’t make fear a disease, treat it in time. Phobia is a baseless fear or experience that gives rise to anxiety and turmoil.

Fear in itself is a mental response to a real or unreal threat. Fear is normal for people. There is no harm in this situation. For example, many people are afraid of spiders. But there is no harm in that.

Phobia is a terrible fear in itself. But fear and phobia are different. How fast are we scared? It cannot be explained on that basis. Phobias have such a profound effect on a person’s psyche that for a short time his brain stops working. It is also an unnecessary fear.

type of phobia

Generally, phobias can be divided into 3 types –

1. Social phobia

2. specific phobia

3. Agoraphoyiba

1.Social phobia

Victims of social phobia tend to neglect social work. Sometimes they may have to be embarrassed in such a situation.

The victim always thinks that people think badly of him and make fun of him. Because of that thinking, the victim always thinks that he is weak. 

He loses his confidence. He is not able to speak in an interview or public meeting. 

Even when he stands in the assembly, he begins to waver. Even though the victim knows that the fear is baseless, restlessness and nervousness do not leave him behind.

Victims are afraid to talk and meet anyone. Even if he talks to someone, he spends all the time meeting for fear of making fun of him. As the problem progresses, the victim may not even want to go to a ceremony, such as a wedding, a meeting, or an interview. Not talking to friends, keeping quiet in front of everyone in the office reduces self-confidence. Which may be due to social phobia.

2. specific phobia

Specific phobia is the fear of a particular object, person, or situation. In such a situation, a person is sometimes very happy or sometimes suddenly sad.

It is a simple fear that arises from seeing a given object or condition. As the victim thinking about the condition, the victim could not do the job properly. There are also some types of specific phobias.

3. Animal Phobia:

People are also afraid of animals. Some people are afraid of dogs and some people are afraid of dogs and cats or snakes. It also falls within a special kind of phobia.

4. Situational Phobia:

Some people are afraid of certain situations, such as flying, horseback riding, driving, being alone in one place.

natural environment phobia

Fear of water, storms, cliffs, etc.

Phobia of blood, injection, injury, etc.

Many people feel dizzy after seeing blood coming out of their own or someone else’s blood. They break out in a sweat when they see the injection. It is also a kind of phobia.

5. Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia sufferers also feel lonely in a crowd. He starts to feel lonely in any supermarket and this feeling starts to hurt the person a lot. This condition is called agoraphobia. This terror attack can affect up to one-third of patients.

Sometimes a patient with agoraphobia is unable to leave home alone and go out with a special family member or friend. Patients suffering from agoraphobia may even suffer from severe paralysis due to their condition.

Cause of phobia

Researchers are still unsure about the exact causes of phobias. These factors are usually responsible for phobias.

Genetic: Research has shown that if a family has a certain type of phobia, the risk of having the same problem in other family members is higher.

Life experiences: Many types of phobias are related to real-life events. For example, when a dog is scared, it is more likely that it will be bitten by a dog at an early age. Social phobia may have developed as a result of a minor incident.

Treatment of phobias

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) has been shown to be very successful in reducing your phobic symptoms. For this, these methods can be adopted.

Educational Material:

In this method, the person is educated about phobia and its treatment. In addition, such people are encouraged to help people suffering from phobias.

Cognitive component

Attempts are made to remove phobias based on these ideas and imaginations.

Practical Ingredients:

Under this, behavior modification, method of removing phobia using technology, etc. are used.

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