Cultural heritage

Mupatra Jatra of Bhaktapur to start from today evening

The Mupatra Jatra of Bhaktapur, which is celebrated on the occasion of Indra Jatra, will start from this evening.  The

22 September 2021 10:08 AM, ✍️ UPDATED: 3 months ago

22 September 2021 10:08 AM

The Mupatra Jatra of Bhaktapur, which is celebrated on the occasion of Indra Jatra, will start from this evening. 

The Mupatra Jatra, based on various religious texts, is celebrated in Bhaktapur for three days from Ashwin Krishna II to IV.

During the procession, it is customary for three people, including the Mupatra chief and two other assistants named Dhischa, to dress up as monsters, hold swords in different colors on their faces and make them walk around the city. While circling the city, the demon Mupatra turns three times and strikes Yamadyo, who is standing in the toll plaza of the devotees, with a sword.

Before the procession starts, the Manandhar community of the local Saskulan tol burns a pair of yamata (sky lamps) in front of the Bhimsen temple at Dattatraya. Yamata is trident-shaped. Like the trident, the lamp that burns on the three heads that turn upwards is the yamata, that is, the sky lamp. Also, today Sanla Ganesh Jatra is held in Bhaktapur city by placing Sanla Ganesh in Tachpal. After that, Mupatra Jatra is taken out. In the procession, Yamata, Ganesh, and Mupatra are circumambulated at the place of Yamadyo.

On the second day of the Jatra, in the evening, a procession of Ganesh is held at Choche Tol along with the Yamata of the Manandhar community of Gomari. On this day, the Manandhar community of Gomari goes to Chuma Ganesh and after burning Sukuna, the procession starts by lighting a yamata at Gomari Manandhar Chowk. After burning the yamata, the statue of Lord Ganesha is placed on a bed at Choche Tol and the Taleju Bhavani of Durbar Square is visited. After reaching Yamta Durbar Square, Yamta, Chhuma Ganesh, and Mupatra are paraded around the city with various bazaars. At night, Sanla Ganesh and Chuma Ganesh are taken to their respective temples.

On the third day of the Jatra, i.e. on the fourth day of Ashwin Krishna, Akash Bhairav, who is in Tamari, is formally worshiped by the Guthi Sansthan office. After the pooja, the Manandhar community of Tapalchhi and Tekhacho go to the temple of Bhairavnath and bring Sukuna. In the same Sukuna, a pair of yamata is burnt in a stone fountain at Bulucha. After burning, along with Yamata, another form of Tamari’s Akash Bhairav, Masan Bhairav’s Khat Jatra is performed. On this day, Bhairavnath’s khat is circulated around the city by playing the Naikhing (a special instrument of the Khadgi community).

After the Khat Jatra of Bhairav, the local Lakulachen Tol community starts the Pulukisi Jatra, which is made by covering the bamboo mat with a blue cloth and keeping an elephant trunk in the front. They start the Pulukisi procession by turning three times in front of the Bhairav ​​temple of Tamari. In the procession, Pulukisi is brought by four people, while one person comes inside Pulukisi by ringing the bell.

Since Pulukisi allegedly trampled and killed Mupatra during the procession, the elephant character and his associates would not be subject to any law, so the Mupatra Jatra is taken out only after circulating in more than half of the city on this day. On this day, Mupatra Jatra is taken out from the Bhairav ​​temple of Bhaktapur.

There is a practice that a person who becomes a benefactor in the Jatra has to go to the caste of birth and be punished for not drinking rice. According to Soe, the person who becomes mupatra is treated as untouchable. Therefore, Guthi Sansthan has stated that it is not the locals but the remote places that are eligible for the procession.

The Mupatra Jatra of Bhaktapur







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