Society

Solution of Chhaupadi Pratha in Nepal

Legislation is important. Solution of chhaupadi pratha Women and girls should not be compelled to suffer indefinitely. Cow shelters are

19 June 2021 14:38 PM, ✍️ UPDATED: 6 months ago

19 June 2021 14:38 PM

Legislation is important. Solution of chhaupadi pratha

Women and girls should not be compelled to suffer indefinitely. Cow shelters are not suitable for females.

What is chhaupadi pratha?

Socio-cultural system of Chhaupadi Pratha is predominantly practiced in Nepal’s Far Western area. The system is tied to a biological process that occurs throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle. During their menstrual time, women are housed in small sheds away from their homes.

Cause of chhaupadi pratha

Because of religious beliefs toward Hindu Gods, Nepalese people think the chhaupadi pratha should be faithfully observed. People believe that women who are on their menstruation are dirty and incapable of performing daily tasks. If the rules aren’t observed, the Hindu Gods are said to become enraged and curse the family.

Chhaupadi pratha in Nepal / Chhaupadi Nepal

Menstruation, a natural biological process that marks the onset of womanhood for most females, is intricately related to humanity’s survival.

Menstruation, ironically, is shrouded in secrecy, myths, taboos, and even stigma in many parts of the world.

Solution of Chhaupadi
Photo: National Geographic

Menstruating women and girls are subjected to a variety of limitations in South Asian cultures, including restrictions on eating, school attendance, domestic tasks, and social gatherings.

Furthermore, evidence reveals that menstrual hygiene habits are poor in Africa and Asia and that many girls miss school due to menses.

Menstruation is prohibited in Nepal, a Himalayan country where it is seen as a stigmatizing and sinful act.

Menstruating women and girls are seen as impure and untouchable and are hence excluded from regular household activities and social gatherings.

Anything that has been touched by a menstrual woman is considered impure and must be rejected or purified in some way.

As a result, menstruation women and girls are prohibited from physically touching certain persons, including cattle, plants, kitchen objects, and drinking water sources, limiting access to food, drinking water, and other requirements.

Explained & Solution of Chhaupadi Pratha

The laws that a society enacts express the values that it intends to uphold. Nepal’s laws and regulations demonstrate a clear desire to be governed in a way that respects human rights, equality, and dignity for everyone.

The deaths of several young women who were imprisoned in cowsheds during their menstruation and exposed to the elements as well as snakebites have shocked and appalled the people not just in Nepal but also around the world.

We are all horrified, and rightfully so: these deaths were tragic, senseless, and completely avoidable, and there can be no explanations for such acts (moral, religious, cultural, or otherwise).

Solution of Chhaupadi Pratha
Uma, 14, in her chhaupadi in Nepal in 2016. Her mother said Uma did not disclose to anyone when her periods started out of fear she would be sent to exile. When the family found out after the third day because she ran out of clothes to hide her bleeding, she was made to sleep on nothing but hay in the family’s animal enclosure. NPR

New mothers are often isolated after childbirth, depriving them and their newborns of sufficient post-natal care and nutrition, and exposing them to risk at the most vulnerable moment of their lives.

In 2005, the Nepalese Supreme Court issued a mandate to the Nepalese government to draft legislation to remove chhaupadi. There are compelling reasons to legislate on this topic, and the Nepalese government should be applauded for attempting to do so. Following the passage of the criminal code bill by Parliament, much of the discussion has focused on how the law will be enforced.

Many have stated that strict enforcement is necessary; others have said that chhaupadi is difficult to prosecute: will cops go door to door asking women about their menstrual habits, which they carry out in the privacy of their homes?

Even though the law stipulates that no one can force a woman to conduct chhaupadi, many women continue to do so because they have internalized the notions about impurity that legitimize this discriminatory practice. Beyond the practicalities of law enforcement, the practice of chhaupadi, on the other hand, necessitates a more complete approach than laws can ever supply.

Solution of chhaupadi in nepal
Devi Ram Dhamala, traditional healer. 59 years old. Traditional healers often use extreme verbal and physical abuse to heal young girls who are ill during menstruation or even otherwise, believing they are possessed by evil spirits. Surkhet district, Nepal , GirlsGlobe

Mindsets also have to change, not only the law.

Chhaupadi takes numerous forms, the majority of which are far less severe than being confined to a frigid shed.

These attenuated ‘modern’ versions of the practice may not place women and girls in immediate danger, but they are nonetheless practical and psychological barriers to women’s empowerment and full involvement.

Every month, women and girls are excluded from important community activities. This may have an impact on their education, ability to contribute productively, income, and representation, and leadership in family and community decision-making.

Being thought dirty and impure, and internalizing the discrimination that entails, is a tremendous psychological force that keeps women on the periphery.

Untouchability at particular times of the month is deemed unable to make meals for loved ones owing to ‘impurity,’ and having to eat and sleep apart for fear of polluting others are all elements that contribute to the perpetuation of a society that views women and girls as less valuable.

We believe that the solutions are found in programs and activities that empower women to take their rightful place in society and to embrace the numerous capacities and productive and creative resources they represent.

To break the vicious circle of myths, intergenerational talks to address biased socialization practices, as well as a variety of interpretations of religious texts, can help.

This means keeping girls – and boys – in school longer and boosting their ability to question and think for themselves, as well as improving the quality of their curriculum.

It entails giving children age-appropriate sexuality education that enables them to comprehend the onset of puberty and the natural processes they will go through.

It entails providing valuable, practical, and correct information and advice to adolescent females in order to help them navigate this stage of their lives with facts and confidence rather than myths and misconceptions.

It necessitates the availability of low-cost sanitary pads and water. It necessitates a stop to the illegal weddings of young girls who are often unable to negotiate and speak for themselves inside in-law families.

It also entails assisting in the development of a broad collection of female and male role models for girls and boys, including Nepali women and men from many origins and walks of life who aim to eradicate harmful traditions and advocate for real equality.

Ending chhaupadi requires improving access to health and multi-sectoral services that empower girls and women to be confident in their own needs and seek assistance when they are not met.

In the face of abuse and injustice, empowered women are more likely to speak up, and well-qualified health or social worker will often be their first port of call for help.

Male and female leaders, decision-makers, and influencers must also take a stand and speak up for themselves and other women.

With federalization, there is a fantastic chance for more female leadership to emerge at the local level.

This will eventually start chipping away at damaging traditions like chhaupadi.

Men and boys, whether they are spouses, fathers, religious leaders, or politicians, are essential allies in achieving change.

Legislation is important. The laws that a society enacts express the values that it intends to uphold.

Nepal’s laws and regulations demonstrate a clear desire to be governed in a way that respects human rights, equality, and dignity for everyone.

More, as well as a strict application of the law, is required to truly change norms and attitudes.

Women and girls should not be compelled to suffer indefinitely. Cow shelters are not suitable for females.







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